Marine litter

Marine litter is an issue of concern to the Agreement as it has serious negative impacts on biological diversity and the quality of the environment.

In 2014, the Agreement organised litter census campaigns on beaches in Liguria, the Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur region and Monaco. They were carried out using European standardised procedures following the marine litter monitoring protocol envisaged by the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD).

The results obtained during the campaigns show that 80% of the waste most commonly found on beaches – 80% of which is plastic – is generated by human activities on land. If not collected, this waste will sooner or later end up in the sea, offshore, on the sea surface or in the water column, thus accumulating on the seabed

RAMOGE beach litter

RAMOGE beach litter census campaigns


©Miclaus Andrea

During RAMOGE exploration campaigns in submarine canyons and deep-sea environments, several sites were found with abandoned nets and fishing gear or areas of waste accumulation, such as here in an underwater canyon at more than 2,000 m depth off the coast of Monaco.

« Waste in mediterranean canyons » ©Exploration Ifremer/RAMOGE

« Waste in mediterranean canyons » ©Exploration Ifremer/RAMOGE


This is why the Agreement has proposed solutions and, in particular, encouraged local authorities to contribute – within the scope of their competences – to the reduction of marine litter and to the conservation of marine ecosystems.

RAMOGE has produced a downloadable guide and a website entitled « Together to reduce marine litter » which presents the challenges related to marine litter and the regulatory framework in France, Italy and Monaco, as well as fact sheets explaining cheap and simple actions that can be implemented by local authorities to reduce waste in the environment.

All local communities are concerned, whether they are located in coastal areas or not, because waste found on beaches does not only come from human activities on the coast, but also from those inland.
Visit our dedicated website « RAMOGE STOP WASTE » >